How to Properly Treat & Prevent Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation, or dark spots on the skin, is a common affliction among Canadians. Characterized by an increase in melanin, these markings can take the form of freckles, age spots, sun spots, and melasma (also called “the mask of pregnancy”).
While these blemishes aren’t unusual, they can negatively affect how women and men view their personal appearance, leading to lowered confidence and feeling self-conscious in social settings.
Thankfully, there are solutions available.
To help you win the fight against hyperpigmentation, Toronto’s Redwood Medi Spa & Wellness Centre is disclosing the best tips on prevention and treatment. Read on to learn how to stop dark spots and discolouration in their tracks.
How to prevent hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, medications and hormonal fluctuations. However, the sun also plays a huge role.
Indeed, the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) believes that prolonged exposure to UV rays is the leading cause of hyperpigmentation in individuals with lighter skin tones.
As a result, protecting your skin against UVA and UVB rays is a highly effective way to reduce your odds of developing future hyperpigmentation. We recommend using a high-quality sunscreen for your face – even during the winter months.
You should also choose eye creams and lip balms that contain SPF, because the under eye area is notoriously delicate, and women with darker complexions are prone to lip pigmentation. Wearing sunglasses and a brimmed hat is also advised.
How to treat hyperpigmentation
There are a few ways you can eliminate hyperpigmentation, either from the comfort of your own home or by visiting a spa. Some of the most recommended approaches involve:
• Exfoliating: A high-quality chemical exfoliant is a wonderful weapon against hyperpigmentation. Choose gentle AHAs or BHAs with ingredients such as citric acid, glycolic acid, lactic acid and salicylic acid on the label.
However, it’s important not to overuse these products, as inflammation can actually cause hyperpigmentation.
• Pigment blockers: There are several effective pigment blockers on the market. Tyrosinase inhibitors, for instance, help to block tyrosinase, which is the enzyme responsible for creating melanin. There are also PAR-2 inhibitors. These products lighten the skin's pigmentation by lowering the rates of melanosomal transfer and distribution.
To achieve the best results, use your pigment blocker on clean skin twice a day: in the morning and before bed.
• Spa treatments: For the fastest, most effective cure, book a hyperpigmentation treatment at your Toronto spa. Photofacials, chemical peels, micro-needling and PRP, oxygenio super facial, and laser peels all offer amazing results to lighten up and improve dark pigmentation from the skin.
Spas also carry special topical skin products, so you can continue to treat your skin in between treatments.